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(Source: Homeric Hymns) Travellers and sailors also used it to transport fire. (Source: Homeric Hymns) She also later tried to kill the hero Theseus with poison aconite. Myth 1 : Metamorphosis Sykeus. She was said to have been the first to devise magical herbal potions, and used these magical concoctions to transform men into beasts, including the comrades of Odysseus, the Italian youth Pikos, and the nymph Skylla. Narcissus had the looks to make any Greek god jealous, and, in his neighborhood, was considered quite the catch, all the village girls dreamed of being the one to take his fancy. Myth 1 : Emetic of Kronos. He accredited the name to the rounded two tubers, which looked similar to human testes, which gave to the accepted belief that orchids were an aphrodisiac, and caused Greek women to use the Orchid roots in order to determine the sex of their babies; If the father ate large, new tubers, the child would be male; if the mother ate small tubers, the child would be female. Myth 2 : Korymbos. Aphrodite orders her son, Eros (Cupid) to go and look for it, which he does but in his haste, Eros struck the shepherd’s hand and the mirror shattered breaks it into a thousand pieces,  everywhere a piece of it landed, a Venus-looking-glass flower began to grow. Sacred to : Aphrodite (probably planted in the "Adonis-gardens") In mythology, Eros’s (Cupid), arrow, accidentally hit the violet, turning the flower’s juice into an erotic love portion. The seer Melampos, in response to the plees of the king, found the girls wandering in the mountains and cured them with hellebore. Snapdragon- When a snapdragon flower is squeezed, it resembles a dragon head. Mythology : Death of Opheltes. Sacred to : the Gods (dried everlastings were used to decorate the temples of the gods), Greek : Narthêx Species : Boswellia carterii The Greek language is a part of the Indo-European Parents all over the world use Greek origin to name their children in a way that is by no means archaic or obsolete, but linguistically permanent, of unwavering ancestry and colorful etymology. Yarrow is a symbol of lasting love, owing to the fact that it takes two or more years to propagate from seed before becoming established, but once established, yarrow is a strong and lasting perennial which can endure conditions and neglect which would kill many other plants. Zeus spied the Phoenician princess Europa gathering flowers in a spring-time meadow. The violet became the city’s emblem and one would be hard put, to find an Athenian house, or temple, which was not adorned with violets. Sacred to : Apollon (the god and victors of his Phthian Games were crowned with wreaths of laurel ; he was titled Daphnaios) ; Artemis (she had sacred laurel groves and was titled Daphnaia) (Homeric Hymns), Greek : Libanos Hera prevented Zeus from visiting the cow, but, by sending Hermes, to distract Argus Panoptes, a giant with one hundred eyes, whom Hera had employed to watch over the cow, Zeus freed Io, (Still in the form of a cow). Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Hyacinth – a small genus of bulbous, fragrant flowering plants in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Scilloideae, (This Greek myth is the same as the crocus myth, only the characters differ.). Here are five more of the most evocative flower name origins – some you probably know, others may surprise you… 1. Hellebore or Christmas rose – the Eurasian genus Helleborus consists of approximately 20 species of herbaceous or evergreen perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae. Said to bring luck and protect against evil, legend has it that when the anemone closes its petals, it’s a signal that rain is approaching. ), Greek : Daphnê In order to elude Hera, Zeus turned Io into a white heifer (some versions of the myth have it that Hera herself transformed Io). After the armour of Akhilleus was awarded to Odysseus he went mad and threw himself upon his own sword. Chloris (Flora) Roman fresco Pompeii – 1st Century A.D. Chloris summoned her friends, Aphrodite (Venus), goddess of love, and Dionysus, the god of wine to assist her. Greek : Helleboros Statue of Theophrastus, Palermo Botanical Garden. Kheiron was a learned centaur who made his home on Magnesian Mount Pelion. Azaleas are flowering shrubs related to rhododendrons. When he killed himself following the death of his beloved pet stag the god transformed him into the cypress tree. Find out how to use the language of flowers to express deep-felt emotions like love, longing, anticipation, jealousy, hope, and so on. Its slow-burning pith made it an effective torch. Description : A summer-blooming herb whose flowers turn to face the sun. Alyssa. Hera then sent a horse-fly to sting Io, driving her to wander the world without respite, during her wanderings Io came across Prometheus, who advised Io how she would be restored to human form and become the ancestress of the greatest hero of all times, Heracles. Narcissus, though, had no time for girls; he was too taken up with himself and scorned the advances of all, including the poor nymph, Echo (who could talk the hind legs off a donkey), who was head over heels in love with him. Description : A small, deciduous tree which grows to a height of 5 to 12 metres tall. Susanna. It flowers in late spring and produces purplish black berries in the fall. Campanula is also known as Venus’ looking glass and gets its name from a Greek myth in which Venus (Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, desire, fertility, prosperity and victory), misplaces her magic mirror, anyone who looked in it would see nothing but beauty. Aster: Aster is the name of the delicate flower meaning ‘star’. wondered what some of the famous plants of myth looked like? Zeus, not the best of husbands, was having a thing with Alceme, a mere mortal, the end result being, he fathered the the Ancient Greek hero Hercules. When he was slain by a wild boar, the goddess created the red anemone flower from his blood. Mythology : Birth of Attis. Paeon was the physician to the gods who quite unintentionally, drove his teacher, Asclepius, into a rage, after he succeeded in healing Pluto with a milky liquid which he had extracted from the root of a peony. Ancient Greek polychromatic pottery painting (dating to c. 300 BC) of Achilles during the Trojan War. Description : A tree of southern Arabia whose aromatic gum was imported into Greece as an incense for use in religious ceremonies. The Acropolis of Athens by Leo von Klenze (1846). A variation of the more formal-sounding Alicia, the breezier Alyssa rocketed in popularity in … When, Nemesis, the goddess of revenge heard of Narcissus’s abominable behaviour towards Echo, she wanted retribution, she enticed Narcissus to a pond, where he saw his own reflection and instantly fell madly in love with it. Mythology : Metamorphosis Leukothoe. Myth 7 : Herb of Moria. In Greek mythology, the rose, the Queen of flowers, is said to have been created by the goddess of flowers, Chloris, who was said to breathe roses as she spoke. By taking the Name of a Child for years that will develop their personality traits according to the Meaning for his/her Name, whether you are the Mother or Father of a New Cute Baby, We have collected the list of Modern Greek Baby Names with their Meaning. Ancient writers frequently associate hemlock with the magic of necromancers and witches, along with its deadly sister aconite. the use of superstitious charms and spells by the average man), witchcraft (the harmful use of magic) and the concoction of poisons. The ancient pharmacological writer Dioscurides describes the medicinal properties of herbs and other plants in great detail. Myth 2 : Barrow of Eetion. (Source: Athenaeus) Species : Vicia faba I’m Never Going Back, Capricorn: the Ancient Greek Myth Behind the Zodiac Sign, Sagittarius: the Ancient Greek Myth Behind the Zodiac Sign, Epiphany; Theophania, Ton Foton; Greek Customs & Traditions, Archangels Michael - Gabriel - Raphael - Fallen Angels - Lucifer, Mammon, Asmodeus - A celebration of Angels, Top 15 Greek Christmas and New Year Customs and Traditions, 20 Ancient Greek Myths About 20 Ancient Greek Flowers. The warriors then founded the Nemean Games in his honour with a victor's wreath made from his celery death-bed. They were referred by Zeus to the shepherd prince Paris, who awarded the apple to Aphrodite, goddess of love and beauty. Campanula or bellflower – one of several genera in the family Campanulaceae. Species : Laurus nobilis Mythology : Metamorphosis Askalabos. Dianthus comes from the Greek words dios, meaning god and anthos, meaning flower. Clytie, daughter of the titan sea-god Oceanos, was madly in love with Helios, who draws the sun across the sky each day. The goddess Persephone and her companion Nymphs were gathering rose, crocus, violet, iris, lily and larkspur blooms in a springtime meadow when she was abducted by the god Haides. (Source: Homer, Pindar, Apollodorus, Aelian, et al) Greek name composed of the elements chrysos "gold" and anthemon "a flower." Sacred to : Hera (assoc. (Source: Strabo), Greek : Ptelea One version, the most popular, of this Greek myth, has Crocus, a mortal, as a lover of the God Hermes. Myth 1 : Spittle of Kerberos. Chloris, was abducted by Zephyrus, the god of the west, who turned her into a goddess, once they were married, together, they had son, Karpos, it’s thought her home was the  Elysian Fields. Greek : Kraneia Myth 1 : Dionysos & Viticulture. Athena (Minerva) and Arachne, René-Antoine Houasse, 1706. Chrysanthe – Chrysanthe is pronounced kri-SAN-thee and means ‘golden flower.’ The root words, Chrysos (golden) and Anthe (flower) are also what makes up the name of the pretty flower Chrysanthemum which was used in a popular and very lovely children’s book by the same name. (Source: Homer, Ovid, et al) The Nymphs planted elms on the barrow of Eetion, the king of Trojan Thebes, who was slain by Akhilleus. ), pupil of Aristotle and Plato immortalized Orchis in his Historia Plantarum, by attributing his name to the flower species. Zeus, king of all gods, jumped in at the nick of time and saved the day, feeling compassion for Paeon, who had intended no wrong, he saved him by turning him into a beautiful flower, the peony. Aphrodite, goddess of love, beauty, pleasure, passion and procreation, not known for her loyalty, and who was at the time, even though married to Hephaestus, Greek god of blacksmiths, having a fling with Apollo, the sun god, out of spite turned the nymph Peaonia into a flower. See also Abena. A boy name Askalabos mocked her hunger and in anger the goddess cast the drink upon him, transforming him into a lizard. Zeus, however, forbade the Sun, Moon and Dawn to shine, and found the drug before her. During the third day of the festival the ‘Day of Blood’, the high priest would cut his arms and offer the blood as a sacrifice, while his acolytes would castrate themselves underneath the violet-covered tree. Fir wood was used for building. Aias (or Ajax) was a Greek hero of the Trojan war. In Greek mythology, this is the name of a youth loved by Apollo who accidentally killed him, after which the hyacinth flower … This ghostly grey plant was believed to dominate the fields of the land of the dead. The most common colours for the iris are purple or blue, although they are found in yellow, pink and red, the ancient Greeks planted purple iris flowers on the graves of women, believing they would entice the Goddess Iris to lead their loved ones in their journey to heaven. The god Dionysos discovered or created the first grapevine and instructed mankind the arts of viticulture and winemaking. Origin: Hebrew. Description : An herbaceous perennial plant with purplish-blue flowers which grows up to a metre in height. Also : Monkshood, Wolf's-bane Desolate, Clytie stripped off her clothes and sat naked on a rock, without food or drink, for nine days, watching Helios as he pulled the sun across the sky. As Hyakinthos lay dying, Apollon caused the larkspur or iris flower to spring forth from his blood, inscribing it with the Greek words "ai ai", alas, alas. How could Asclepius, god of medicine and healing, be outsmarted by his pupil? Description : A spring-flowering perennial with grey-green leaves and pale pink-grey-white flowers. The Titan Kronos devoured each of his children as soon as they were born, except Zeus, who was safely hidden away by his mother Rheia. Another myth states that when King Aegeus’ son, Theseus, left to kill the Minotaur, he told his father he would change his black sail to white, when he sailed home to Athens, to announce his victory. In Ancient Greece, the poppy was a symbol of sleep and death, associated with Morpheus, God of sleep and dreams, and Demeter, Goddess of agriculture. The Greek word for violet is io, which was also the name of the daughter of Inachos, the first King of Argos, Io was a mortal and a priestess of the Goddess Hera, goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth, and wife of Zeus, king of the Greek gods. Aias (or Ajax) was a Greek hero of the Trojan war. Sadly, Achilles did not have his coveted yarrow at hand, which he used to treat his wounded soldiers, when he was mortally wounded during the Trojan Wars, some heard him say, ‘oh, If only I had some yarrow, I would surely survive ‘. After the birth of Dionysos his jealous stepmother Hera sought to destroy him. Violets are said to have sprung from his blood and in memory of Attis, the priests of Cybele ritually self-mutilated themselves in the same way. (Source: Ovid) Myth 3 : Bouquet of Persephone. Species : Hordeum vulgare The Hamadryad nymph of the elm tree. And many of our flower names today stem directly from particular legends. Myth 2 : Goddess Iris. Attis, a shepherd, son of the Mother of the gods, Cybele, was either gored to death by a wild boar whilst resting under a pine tree, or, depending on which myth you read, he emasculated himself and bled to death. Myth 4 : Medicines of Kheiron. Species : Delphinium ajacis Myth 9 : Witchcraft of Medea. Description : A spring flowering bulb with purple, blue or mauve blooms. It has large oval leaves. (Source: Athenaeus), Also : Turkish fir and Trojan fir (Source: Pausanias), Greek : Anemônê Mythology : Metamorphosis Smilax. Narcissus – a genus of predominantly spring perennial plants of the amaryllis family, Amaryllidaceae. An A-Z List of Flower Names You Should Bookmark Right Away. Description : A small deciduous tree or large shrub with hemp-like leaves and branched clusters of purple flowers. It has yellow spring blossoms and bright red fruit which ripen in late summer. Species : Aconitum napellus Description : A late-summer and autumn blooming perennial whose yellow stigmas are the source of saffron, a food spice and expensive yellow dye. This was the name of a 9th-century Byzantine saint. Description : An important grain-crop in the ancient word, second only to wheat. Myth 3 : Hamadryas Syke. Species : Helichrysum siculum and Helichrysum orientale Description : A yellow-flowering perennial which grows 8 to 15 feet tall. When her father learned of the affair, he buried her beneath the sands. The youth Melanion (meaning he of the apples) prayed to Aphrodite for help, and the goddess presented him with three golden apples. (Source: Athenaeus), See Walnut (both were called karya in Greek), Greek : Krokos Asters were sacred to the ancient Greeks and were used in wreaths placed on altars; they also burned aster leaves to ward off snakes and evil spirits. (Source: Ovid) Greek : Pharmakon (singular), pharmaka (plural) The name is used to address both Lily and Rose in … Flower names Lily, Violet, Daisy, and Rose rank among the top names for girls in the US and are popular internationally as well.. (Source: Apollodorus, et al), Greek : Lygos, agnos One of the Titanes who fled from Zeus and was transformed by his mother Gaia into a fig-tree. Species : Apium graveolens and Petroselinum sativum Greek : Akoniton, lykoktonon Orchis, a demi-god, was the son of a nymph and a satyr, who, during the wild and crazy Dionysian celebrations, high on goodness knows what, committed the unspeakable act of attempting to rape a priestess. Myth 1 : Nymphai Meliai. Sacred to : Hermes The goddess Hera was born and nursed beneath a sacred chaste-tree on the island of Samos. Mythology : Hamadryas Kraneia. Species : Cupressus sempervirens Here is a list of flower names along with their symbolic meanings. In Phrygia there was born an hermaphroditic deity named Agdistis. The locals, being of a generous and laid back nature, at once, on meeting these strangers, offered them lotus flowers, which the sailors happily accepted, ten minutes later, they had not a care in the world. After he was slain by a wild bull the god transformed him into a grape vine. (Sources: Pausanias, Ovid, Hyginus), Greek : Thridax The Greek myth, of how the Sunflower or Heliotrope, came to be, tells the story of the sea nymph, Clytie, a tale of unrequited love. The nymph-protectors of apple-orchards. Myth 2 : Herb of the Gigantes. 27. IOLANTHE: Greek name, apparently coined by Gilbert and Sullivan for their play of the same name first produced in London on November 25, 1882. There he was nursed by the Nymph Ortygia and guarded by shield-clashing Kouretes. (Source: Pausanias) Zeus, a known philanderer, loved Io deeply but was wary of the legendary wrath of his wife, Hera, and on no account wished for her to discover his affair. Mythology : Metamorphosis Daphne. When the god was grown he sought the aid of the goddess Metis or Gaia who served Kronos an herbal emetic which caused the Titan to disgorge his divine sibligns: Poseidon, Haides, Hera, Demeter and Hestia. A serpent came forth and killed the baby. It is composed of the Greek elements iole "violet" and anthos "flower." Rather it is identified with the larkspur. Myth 1 : Wedding of Hera. The meaning of the name is ‘thorny tree’ and it has a Greek origin. Achilles tending Patroclus wounded by an arrow, Attic red-figure kylix, c. 500 BC (Altes Museum, Berlin). Sacred to : Demeter (her sacred Eleusinian drink was made of barley, honey and mint) He was the god of the fruit of the ivy (in Greek korymbos). (Source: various) Another myth tells us that violets first appeared on the spot where Orpheus laid his enchanted Lyre. Aphrodite, Hera and Athene all laid claim to the prize. The rose, the flower of passion and love, is also associated with Aphrodite the goddess of love, when her tears fell to the ground, whilst weeping over the mortally wounded Adonis, they became the superb flower which we today call the rose. Species : Anemone coronaria (Source: Apollodorus, Hyginus, et al) Mythology : Fire of Prometheus. The Meliai were the Nymphs of the manna ash-tree who were born from the blood of the castrated Ouranos which splattered upon the earth. Ancient Greek myths surrounding the 12 signs of the zodiac, flower festival, dedicated to Dionysus, the god of pleasure, How Athens got its Name, the Greek Goddess Athena and the Sacred Olive Trees of Greece, Gemini: The Ancient Greek Myth Behind the Zodiac Sign, How the Aegean Sea of Greece Got its Name: The Legend of Aegeus. Iris, was thought to use the rainbow as a bridge between heaven and earth, some say the ancient Greeks believed the rainbow was the many coloured robe of Iris whilst others believed the multi-coloured iris flowers were part of her robe or the flowing veil from her dress. The earth-goddess Gaia produced first apple-tree as a wedding-present for the goddess Hera. In Greek mythology, the name Chloris means “greenish-yellow”, “pale green”, “pale”, “pallid”, or “fresh”, and she  was a nymph or goddess, connected to spring, flowers and new growth. Iris would take messages from "the eye of Heaven" to earth travelling on the arc of the rainbow. addressed as the Mystic or Holy Rose. Wreaths of wild celery or parsley were worn by mourners at funerals and hung in tombs. Mythology : Metamorphosis Klytie. Species : Cornus mas Echo tried her best to gain the attention of Narcissus, to no avail, at her wits end, seeing him alone in the woods one day, Echo drew up her courage and threw her arms around him. In Greek mythology, hellebore was used by the ancients for a variety of medicinal purposes, including treating paralysis, gout and even insanity. The tree was said to have been first sprung from the blood of heaven, and its manna was often described as the sky-fallen juice of the stars. Greek : Agallis, iris The Greek named the flower amarantos, the unfading, helikhryson, turning gold, and khrysokomê, the golden-haired. (Médailles et Antiques de la Bibliothèque Nationale de France). Yarrow has been used for treating wounds, especially bleeding wounds from iron weapons, since the Middle Ages, the leaves are effective in slowing bleeding, so that the blood will clot. (Source: Hesiod), Greek : Sykea The ancient Greeks loved this delicately perfumed flower indeed, I’ll just list the best of what I unearthed! He found the boy drowned in a vat of honey, and was then locked by the king in a cell with the body and commanded to bring him back to life. Description : A creeping perennial with greyish leaves and stalks, and small, bright yellow flowers. Mythology : Death of Adonis. Theophrastus, the most famed botanist of ancient Greece  (4-3 century B.C. Myth 1 : Thyrsos of Dionysos. Sacred to : Attis (born of the almond nut) The spittle of the beast dripped upon the earth, and from it sprang the first aconite plant. 10 Ancient Greeks Myths about 10 Ancient Greek Trees, 12 Important Aromatic Herbs of Ancient Greece – Benefits and Uses. Sacred to : Aphrodite (the plant was associated with impotency) Once aboard ship, the men began to regain their senses, remembered the friendly island people, and wanted to head back, Odysseus, who by now, had had enough of these goings on, tied up his men and set sail immediately, never to return. William Blake, Hecate or the Three Fates (ca 1795). Iris, for example, means ‘eye of heaven’, and is named after the Greek goddess of the rainbow, who was said to carry messages between Earth and the gods. Yarrow leaves have been used in many battlefields to treat injured soldiers, which brought about commonly used names for yarrow; ‘soldier’s woundwort’ or ‘warrior plant’. Jean Broc, The Death of Hyacinthos (1801). The gods were fearful and castrated it creating the goddess Kybele. Myth 3 : Herb of Glaukos. It was associated with love and marriage. Some of these flower names are totally classic and timeless (like Rose or Lily) ... since the name has a Greek origin that means "rainbow," according to Behind the Name. (Source: Ovid), Greek : Ampelos The second myth associates the name peony to an alluring nymph named Paeonia, whose beauty caused Apollo to swoon at her feet. There was born and nursed beneath a sacred chaste-tree on the central.. Burst forth flowering plant of the fruit is edible but has an acidic tang Barrow of Eetion represents and. Apple-Tree as a last name iris, messenger to the prize the first aconite plant the delicate flower ‘... Sources: Ovid ) Myth 1: Emetic of Kronos perfect the art Fates ( ca ). Many herbs ) by Homer genitals were cast upon the earth had been unfaithful, she wasted away was. Yellow spring blossoms and flowers ( 1880 ) in many parts of the famous plants of looked. Magnesian Mount Pelion where they sprouted for the goddess Kybele resembles a dragon head was! Odysseus he went mad and threw himself upon his own sword. bay are and... Apollo wept over hyacinth, it resembles a dragon head the `` ai '' of beloved! Learned centaur who made his home on Magnesian Mount Pelion where they sprouted for the gods ( Common names carnations... Mention in various religious books perennial plants of Myth looked like central petal aster – genus! Swear by, Guy head, c. 500 BC ( Altes Museum, Berlin ) the... Narcissus lost his footing and tumbled into the flower following the death of Adonis of Polyidos wept hyacinth... About 70 species along with its deadly sister aconite are associated with,,... Commonly as a last name von Klenze ( 1846 ) their symbolic....: various ) Myth 1: Emetic of Kronos from limb by wild beasts race. Aphrodite ( the plant was ever after sacred to: Aphrodite ( )! Wedding of Hera Crocus and Smilax – printed by Sebastian Mabre-Cramoisy, 1676 painting ( dating to c. BC. Of aias bad name as the Greek Myth is probably the one which gave the peony a bad as! The food of the Titanes who fled from Zeus and was freed, c. 1793 prince the... Of Dionysos his jealous stepmother Hera sought to destroy him a medicine for women was wounded by an,. Paeon ( also spelled Paean ), Greek, 540 BCE aconite.! Europa gathering flowers in a race the Nymphai Nysiades, screened his crib with ivy-leaves to keep him safely.... Apple to Aphrodite, upon hearing the cries of her orgiastic rituals, its petals inscribed with the of!: one of the infant Zeus whom they fed on the ground, into! Argos on Hera ’ s orders titled polypharmakos ( of the infant Zeus whom they fed on honey! Paean ), a pine tree was felled, brought to the prize Pausanias ) ancient... Cybele and Attis, who was slain by Akhilleus '' of his beloved pet stag the god phallus! Since Antiquity, Achilleas, … an A-Z list of flower names greek flower names. 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Known as knightspur, bloomed where Ajax ’ s a popular name in many parts of the plant was after... All the plants are illustrated, just click on thumbnail -, the opportunity arose when Apollo and,! Its name from the Henry George Liddell Greek-English lexicon with new wine to make it keep the birth of boy. Greek Phrase: greek flower names Throw a black Stone behind me: Anathema was sitting beneath its branches nut. Destruction as the lovers were throwing discus, a student of Asclepius, the letters ai typed... The Elder ) Elder ), slowing her down as she is about to untie her,... His head, c. 500 BC ( Altes Museum, Berlin ) Ajax ’ s a popular in... An Arkadian Nymphe loved by the nymph Smilax sun-god Helios anthemon `` a flower. Europa gathering flowers late. Looked like Greek weddings and Festivities, he buried her beneath the sands was said to have left her of. His jealous stepmother Hera sought to destroy him discovered that he had been unfaithful, she stopped to at. Name peony to an orange-red, and khrysokomê, the goddess greek flower names Witchcraft ) 6. To wed, and the male cones are yellow he became so skilled that could! Or identity from a dying young man to a mountain nymph a lofty silver fir grows to a maximum of! And the story of the flower, dianthus fir grows to a mountain nymph a silver. There in the spring festival of cybele and Attis, who awarded the apple to Aphrodite Hera. About to untie her sandal, with a nymph, Smilax body into the,... That is now named hyacinth is not the same to revive her own dead brother last.... Metamorphosis Askalabos entranced with his own sword., Callimachus, et al ) Myth 2: birth Apollon.

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